Illinois Carbon Capture

General Carbon Capture FAQs

What is carbon capture technology?

Carbon capture technology refers to a set of methods and tools used to capture carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions at their source, such as power plants and industrial facilities, preventing them from entering the atmosphere. Once captured, the CO₂ can be stored underground or used for various purposes.

How does carbon capture work?

Carbon capture typically involves three main steps: 

Why do proponents support carbon capture technology?

Proponents argue that carbon capture:

Why do opponents oppose carbon capture technology?

Critics of carbon capture believe:

Are there any secondary uses for the captured carbon?

Yes, captured CO₂ can be used in various applications, including:

What are the byproducts of carbon capture?

Depending on the capture method used, byproducts can include heat, water, and other chemicals. Some of these byproducts can be reused in industrial processes, while others may need to be treated or disposed of.

Are there federal regulations related to carbon capture?

Yes, in many countries, there are federal regulations governing the capture, transport, and storage of CO₂ to ensure safety and environmental protection. For instance, in the U.S., the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has established guidelines for carbon sequestration to prevent potential risks to public health and the environment.

Are there state regulations related to carbon capture?

State regulations can vary, but many states have developed their own guidelines and policies to promote or regulate carbon capture and storage projects. These can range from incentives and grants to specific safety and monitoring requirements.

Overview of Federal Regulation

Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS):


Geologic Sequestration (GS) and Class VI Wells:


Federal Environmental Laws and Carbon Capture:

EPA's Rules and Policies:

How Does Illinois Compare Nationally?

National Carbon Capture Statistics:

Illinois and Carbon Capture:

Competing Illinois Legislation 2023:

Proposed Illinois Legislation 2024:

Illinois Pipelines:

Federal Oversight:


Link to CRS Reports - October 5, 2022

Link to NETL's CCS Database

Link to Capitol News Illinois Source - April 25, 2023

Link to Capitol News Illinois Source - October 14, 2023

Link to Center Square Source - March 13, 2024